The first solar eclipse of the 20th Century is incredible. It is a Total Eclipse connecting many empires, past, present and future on the JFK birthday Metonic ( he would be born 17 years later on May 29, 1917).
Beginning in the Pacific at sunrise, the eclipse crosses mexico and hugs the US gulf Coast after exiting south of Corpus Christ (98% totality). It brings totality in a thin line to New Orleans, Montgomery, Mobile and Raleigh--exiting at Virginia Beach. 98% totality in Washington DC. 92 % in New York City, 90% in JFK birthplace of Brookline, Mass.
The eclipse crosses the Atlantic to bisect Portugal and Spain, the first colonizers of the New World--entering at famous city of Porto, where the Romans had established major trading operations in the centuries before Christ. Eclipse bisects Spain almost exactly 402 years after Columbus left on his third voyage to the Americas in 1498, and 400 years after Columbus was sent in chains back to Spain for trial in 1500.
The eclipse crosses the Mediterranean and the path of totality directly crosses Algiers, Algeria, and Tripoli Libya before ending a few miles south the Valley of the Kings in Luxor Egypt, which will be revised by two Judgment eclipses in 2027 and 2034 ---134 and 141 eclipse years respectively... Saros 126,
The second eclipse of the 20th century occurs 63 years to the day before the Murder of John Kennedy.
It begins just east of Angola and crosses one of the most infamous slave sources in Africa, Benguela. The eclipse then travels acroos the southern part of the continent, exiting through Mozambique and extreme southern tip of Madagascar. the eclipse path turns north and passes through much of northwest Australia before dying out.
60 hours after the sinking of the Titanic on the night of April 14/15 1912, a total/Hybrid eclipse occurs from South America across the Atlantic , through Europe and deep into Russia.
Marking the most famous disaster perhaps of all times, the legendary sinking of the Titanic, the largest ship ever launched, the great symbol of modern technology, labeled "unsinkable", sent to a watery grave on her maiden voyage along with more than 1,500 people.
60 hours after the sinking of the Titanic, a total/Hybrid eclipse occurs . 90% coverage at Southampton, where Titanic launched a week before. Path goes just south35% coverage at the site of the disaster southeast of Newfoundland. 18% coverage at intended harbor of New York.
path cuts a foreboding shadow across Europe two years before she will be engaged in the worst war in the history of man up unto that point. Tiny stripe of Totality divides metropolitan Paris. Larger path of annularity goes through France, Belgium, Germany, the northern Baltic, and Russia.
Later that year, an October 10 1912 total eclipse cuts across South America.
The next eclipse occurs on Feb 24 1914 in Antarctica, near the destination of the ill-fated Endurance South Pole Expedition which leaves from England on August 8 1914.
In the first weeks of World War I, a total solar eclipse descends from the Northern latitudes and divides the Eurasian land mass. Empires affected include the Ottoman, Persian, British, French, German, Russian and Austro-Hungarian. Scandanavia split in half. Great cities in totality include Kiev, Karachi, and the ancient city of Ninevah ( modern-day Mosul) in Iraq. Saros Cycle 124,
The full path connects both hemispheres in both eclipses, the two paths intersect
Same calendar date and opposite ecliptic node as Aug 21 2017 USA eclipse. One of the most clearly ominous eclipses in modern history. World War's first battles occurred in early August -Saros Cycle 124
On Feb. 14 1915 Western Australia across New Guinea. First Australian troops arrived in Europe two months later in April 1915.---Saros Cycle 129
Ring of Fire. 40 years after the death of Truganni, the last aboriginal Tasmanian, Australia experiences its second eclipse in 18 months, with almost entire island of Tasmania covered by annularity.. Thousands of Australian troops were simultaneously fighting and dying in the Battle of the Somme, the bloodiest battle of World war One.---Saros Cycle 144
An eclipse beginning in the Pacific cuts across extreme northern South America (totality in Medillin). Narrow path of totality covers tiny volcanic island of Montserrat 79 years before its eruption, crosses Atlantic to stop just shy of Britain. Saros cycle 139.
Saros 139 repeats spectacularly throughout the next 120 years, including North American Eclipse of April 8 2024
Only other eclipse
12-14-1917 ...Antarctica Ring of Fire---Metonic same date as Electoral College Eclipse of 12-14-2020
In the Final months of World War One, as American forces were fighting to a stalemate in the Battle of Belleau Wood, and the Spanish Flu had begun to rage across the country, a total solar eclipse marks the beginning of the American century, which would come to an end 99 years later with a mirrored eclipse on August 21 2017. Hepton Relative of 1-24-1925 US eclipse seen in next section... Saros cycle 126, which reappears in Spanish judgment on August 12 2026
On John F. Kennedy's second birthday (he was born 5-29-1917), Einstein's theory of Relativity is finally proved by observation of the total solar eclipse. Two teams, one in Brazil and one in Africa take the measurements that prove it correct. The longest eclipse duration (at nearly 7 minutes) since 1416 AD. Saros Cycle 136, one of the stars of the Judgment series--reappearing notably in MIdeast valley of the kings eclipse on August 2nd 2027
177 days later, on 11-22-1919, exactly 44 years before JFK assassination, thereby making the dates of JFK's birth and death commemorated in successive eclipses. Ring of Fire Eclipse. Texas, the state where JFK would be murdered 44 years later is the place where the eclipse begins. Including total annularity in Stonewall Texas, home to a then 10 year old Lyndon Baines Johnson, who would replace JFK as president. Total annularity in the capital of Austin and in Houston.--path crosses almost entire island of Cuba, including Havana, with which his destiny would become so intertwined , then across Haiti, St. Georges's , Kingston, Port of Spain--then across the Atlantic to Africa, where the path reached the countries of Senegal and Mali, both of whose presidents visited Kennedy's White House. Eclipse ended after totality in ancient city of Timbuktu. Saros Cycle 141, which reappears in Austalia Day Spanish Judgment of 1-26-2028
The total solar eclipse began in the islands of northern Japan 9 days after the worst natural disaster to ever hit Japan, the great earthquake of Sept 1, 1923, which killed nearly 150,000 people and essentially destroyed Tokyo and Yokohama. Two empires are linked by the path, which would be at war with each other 19 years later. The legendary american singer and songwriter Hank Williams is born one week after the eclipse on September 17, 1923
The dates of 9-10 and 9-11 are emphasized by the Metonic cycle with several eclipses throughout the 120 year period. one of the most profound occured on Sept. 10 1923. As the century progresses, 9-10 soon becomes 9-11 (perhaps resounding most profoundly in the 9-11-1988 Mogadushu eclipse), with eclipses tending to happen on that date, before gradually shifting to 9-12. Above picture from Southern California. Path of Totality scraped Los Angeles before bisecting Mexico. Belongs to saros cycle 143, which returns in JFK Boston eclipse of 10-2-1959
12-3-1918 Ring of Fire --Pacific Ocean to Chile and Argentina. Total annularity in Santiago, Montevideo and Buenos Aires, ends in Angola, Africa.
No total or annular solar eclipses in 2020
4-8-21 Ring of Fire. North Scotland, Far north. Metonic same date as Easter 2024 USA
10-1-1921 Antarctica Ring of fire
3-28-1922 South America, across Africa (including Egypt) to Arabia. Total Annularity over Sinai Peninsula---Saros 128, which reappears in Athens judgment of 6-1-2030
9-21-1922 Total Equinox/ Horn of Africa to Gold Coast Australia...3rd Australian in 6 years
3-17-1923 Ring of Fire --Chile/Argentina --Annularity over Falkland islands, almost exactly 59 years before beginning of Falkland Islands war. ( April 2nd 1982)
No total or annular solar eclipses in 1924
At the mid-point of the roaring twenties, a total solar eclipse across the northern USA gives the last total solar eclipse in New York City, the new epicenter of western civilization and empire ( "empire state"). New York was home to the financial and cultural centers of the nation--Wall Street, Broadway and vaudeville, Tin Pan Alley---the city was treated to rare clear skies and the eclipse was widely observed--eclipse path crosses the ocean to extreme northern latitudes...see Focus spotlight on Bob Dylan in next section. Saros Cycle 120--which returns with spectacular total eclipses in the 21st century
At the height of the British Empire, The United Kingdom is bisected by an early morning total solar eclipse. Path travels across Scandinavia, Extreme north latitudes of Russia before endng in the Aleutian islands of the USA...see Focus spotlight on the Beatles in two sections...Saros 145, which is one of the greatest of the Judgment Saros, returning for USA atom bomb, 1963, Great 1999 eclipse and USA 2017 cross-country
3 days after the Stock Market Crash of October 29th 1929, an Annular eclipse begins a few hundred miles east of New York City and travels across the Atlantic to traverse Africa, with maximum eclipse on the Slave Coast of Benin and Gabon. Total annularity in Lome, Kinsasha and Dar es Salaam. Saros 132, which returns for tsunami anniversary Dec. 26 2019
As the Great Depression begins 24 years and 10 days after Great earthquake of 4-18-1906,a thin line of totality cuts across northern San Francisco before traversing Idaho, Montana and Canada. 36 years and two days prior to the Church of Satan being founded by Anton Lavey in San Francisco in 1966, just as the Hippie scene began to explode. 36 yeasr was the same time frame involved in the above examples of Dylan and the Beatles. Saros 137, which reappears for Summer Solstice Pandemic eclipse of 6-21-2020
2 months before the Presidential election that brought Franklin Delano Roosevelt to power, 6 weeks after lowest point of stock market in the Great Depression,a total solar eclipse crosses Canada ( totality in Montreal) and New England. Totality at Bush family estates in Kennebunkport, parts of Cape Cod, Concord. almost totality in Boston...5 months after birth of Edward Kennedy. Saros 124, same as WWI eclipse which started this section
7-20-1925 -Extreme northern tip of New Zealand and Pacific/R
1-14-1926 Total-- Geographical center of Africa to Sumatra and Phillipines. 3 years and one day before birth of Martin Luther King
7-9-1926 Pacific Ocean--almost no land--annular
1-3-1927 again northern tip of New Zealand
5-19-1928 Total Antarctica..one of the smallest points of totality ever
5-9-1929 Total Indian Ocean to Sumatra and Phillipines
10-22-1930 Total Pacific Ocean to Chile
no total or ring of fire in 1931
3-7-1932 Ring of Fire Antarctica/ Tasmania
Exactly 7 eclipse years (2422 days) after June 8 1918 USA cross country eclipse--A Hepton Cycle example-- One of the most famous eclipses in US History travels along the northern boundary of the United States, where it is viewed by hundreds of thousands in New York City, the last total solar eclipse in that city. 16 years and four months before the birth of perhaps our nation's greatest cultural figure, Bob Dylan. The path begins in Upper Minnesota, with both Dylan's hometown Hibbing and birthplace Duluth, and adopted home of Woodstock ( Bethel New York) in the eclipse totality.
On January 24th 1961 19 year old Bob Dylan arrives in a snowy New York, with friend Fred Underhill. He goes to the Cafe Wha. It is a hootenanny night, and he performs a couple of songs. The Wha’s owner, Manny Roth, asks the audience to provide them with a place to stay for the night.
Dylan tells the crowd:
“I been travelin’ around the country, followin’ in
Woody Guthrie’s footsteps”.
George Bush Sr. was born in Milton Mass June 12 of 1924--227 days ( 7 and 1/2 months) before eclipse. Robert Kennedy was born 11-20-1925 in Brookline Mass. 299 days after eclipse. Both places had more than 99% of totality during the January Eclipse.
Why Bob Dylan? Born Robert Zimmerman on May 24 1941 to Jewish parents descended from Lithuanian and Russian stock. Probably the most influential and controversial poet/musician since King David. The most significant popularly known entertainment figure in history to consistently incorporate Biblical themes and apocalyptic prophecy in his work. The most fully realized and recognized songwriter of the popular era, and also a musical and world historian. The most famous Jewish Christian since the Apostle Paul. One of the best gospel songwriters of the 20th century. A master of riddles and story, whose techniques resembles the storytelling techniques of eclipses, living outside of and through time. Along with Elvis, perhaps the most simultaneously mocked and imitated performer of all time.An example of maximum expression, which does not imply righteousness, but rather the existence of example in story. His last release in 2020 is the 17 minute epic Murder Most Foul about the killing of John F. Kennedy. Dylan performed Blowin in the Wind at the March on Washington in 1963 led by Martin Luther King. Injustice has always been one of the primary themes on Dylan's work.
The eclipse distinctly marked the midpoint of the 1920's. and the epicenter of the new empire, New York City
The eclipse path leaves New York City and travels across the Atlantic, ending just after crossing the extreme northern sections of the United Kingdom, thus linking the Dylan Eclipse with the 20th century's other greatest example of maximum musical expression, The Beatles.
All the Beatles became friends with Dylan and their musical expressions helped feed each other's art.
86% coverage in Liverpool
Obviously the January eclipse was about more than Dylan, but it is a great example of personality mixed with cosmic timekeeping.
"I got my back to the sun 'cause the light is too intense
I can see what everybody in the world is up against
You can't turn back- you can't come back, sometimes we push too far
One day you'll open up your eyes and you'll see where we are ....
Just as sure as we're living, just as sure as you're born
Look up, look up-- seek your Maker 'fore Gabriel blows his horn "
Sugar Baby...Bob Dylan
from Love and Theft released September 11, 2001
One of the only total solar eclipses to cross Liverpool in hundreds of years broke through heavy cloud banks to give an immortal show to thousands of Brits.
In the 1920's the British Empire covered nearly a quarter of the Earth's surface.
Within the same time frame as the span between the Hibbing eclipse and Dylan's birth ( 16 years) all members of the Beatles are born in the eclipse path in Liverpool. Within the same time frame of 40 years from time of eclipse, their music achieves maximum popularity. June 1967 is the release of Seargeant Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band
One of the only total solar eclipses to cross Liverpool in hundreds of years broke through heavy cloud banks to give an immortal show to thousands of Brits. In the 1920's the British Empire covered nearly a quarter of the Earth's surface.Within the same time frame as the span between the Hibbing eclipse and Dylan's birth ( 16 years) all members of the Beatles are born in the eclipse path in Liverpool. Within the same time frame of 40 years from time of eclipse, their music achieves maximum popularity. June 1967 is the release of Seargeant Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club BandClearly the path travels over virtually no other populated regions besides Scandanavia and the UK, but nevertheless connects Britain and America- beginning just to the west of the British Isles before traveling a great eliptic path across the northern latitudes ending just after crossing the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
Beatles songs about the cosmos include: Good Day Sunshine, Here Comes the Sun, Across the Universe, I'll Follow the Sun, The Sun King
Saros Cycle 145. This was to be the last total solar eclipse visible from the United Kingdom until the great Judgment Eclipse of Aug 11 1999. Incidentally , that happened to also be Saros Cycle 145, which then reappears on the August 21 2017 USA Total Solar Eclipse.
"The sense of exaltation produced by such stupendous beauty was so great that when the first pencil of light from the reappearing sun robbed the corona from our eyes, one seemed to fall back to earth through an untold distance, back to the common reality of ourselves, our fellow beings, and the wet sand on which we stood, Totality was ended. "
S. Seeley—The Total Eclipse of June 29, 1927, Liverpool England— writing for The Royal Astronomical Society of Canada
Elvis Presley had an enormous impact on The Beatles and Dylan and three are usually considered together when discussing the most popular performers of the rock era. His very first billed show occurred on July 30, 1954, exactly a month after a total solar eclipse in the USA (June 30 1954) which featured 97% coverage of the sun in Hibbing Minnesota, 75 % in Liverpool and 67% in Elvis's birthplace of Tupelo Mississippi. He sang "Blue Moon of Kentucky". at that show. Other than that, it's difficult to establish any reasonable links between Elvis and eclipses.
As the Nazis seize control in Germany, at the peak of a worldwide depression, a Ring of Fire chooses the great Metonic date of Monday August 21 1933 to carve a path of Annularity across the Mideast--Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan-- then travels over India and Southeast Asia, total annularity in Jerusalem, Baghdad ( Babylon), Amman, Gaza, Alexandria ---path cuts through Iran, Afghanistan, Northern India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia before finally ending at .the east coast of Australia
It was the year that Germany went from democracy to dictatorship--the Reichstag fire, the first anti-Jewish laws, the purge of the opposition, the construction of Dachau, the first concentration camp. August 21st was the start of the 18th Zionist Congress in Prague . In the Hebrew calendar it was 1st day of month of Elul
In August 1933 in Iraq, thousands of Assyrian Christians were killed in the Simele massacre, The "great white spot " of Saturn was seen by astronomers for the first time in 30 years in early August, and stayed for 4 weeks, allowing for the measurement of Saturn's rotation. Mahatma Ghandi was arrested by the British in India and began a hunger strike. Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was born 3 days after eclipse in Cairo on August 24, 1933
The last eclipse across Jerusalem, before heading on to Amman and Baghdad ( and ancient city of Babylon) 2519 years after destruction of Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C.
Also in 1933 a Ring of Fire eclipse from South America across Africa into Yemen--Saros 129, which fades in 1969
Ring of Fire Antarctica Christmas Day 1935. The Metonic Cycle emphasizes the days around Christmas, the Spring and Fall Equinoxes, and Summer Solstice in the 20th and early 21st Centuries. Saros 121
Working towards the summer solstice on the Metonic Cycle, a total solar eclipse cuts an extraordinary path across the great civilizations in the days leading up to World War Two. beginning in the Mediterranean Sea, the path crosses Greece with totality in Athens ( a few weeks before Metaxas coup), then eastern Turkey, across the USSR ( at the beginning of Stalin's Great Purge)and into Japan before almost reaching Hawaii. A year before the beginning of the second Sino/Japanese War ( July 1937) ---Saros 126, returns for Spanish Judgment 8-12-2026
On John F; Kennedy's 21st birthday, a total solar eclipse covers the site of Ernest Shackleton's Antarctic Expedition ( 22 years almost exactly after his daring May 1916 500 mile crossing of the Ocean in a rowboat and mountaineering traverse of South Georgia) , one of the greatest survival stories in the history of humanity, including totality on South Georgia Island and 93% on Elephant Island. 1938 is the last year that JFK's exact birth and death days appear in successive eclipses. ( 19 years after they did so 1919)---Saros 146
One of the only partial eclipses I will consider. A distinctive path linking the US and USSR 9 months before the start of World War Two, occurring 177 days after JFK 21st Birthday eclipse exactly 25 years before his assassination. Two weeks after Kristalnachht--the German assault on Jewish businesses. 6 weeks after Munich pact between Hitlaer and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. Saros 151, which is growing towards completeness
The hours before Adolf Hitler's 50th birthday. 135 days before invasion of Poland. Total annularity in Anchorage, Alaska. 30% coverage in Berlin. The last complete eclipse for Saros Cycle 118 after 1100 years of existence
2-14-1934 Total Valentine's Day Malaysia/ Ocean
8-10-1934 Ring of Fire Angola to Mozambique
12-14-1936 Australia/ Auckland
6-8-1937 Total Ocean to Machu Pichhu Peru
12-2-1937 Japanese islands almost to Baja california
October 22 1939 antarctica
As war rages in Europe,a Ring of Fire crosses northern Mexico, Texas ( total annularity in Austin and Houston) and hugs the Gulf Coast (Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Mobile and Jacksonville) on the first new moon after Easter. Bears Metonic similarity to the coming 4-8-2024 North American Eclipse but on an East-west trajectory. Saros 128, which returns for Athens judgment eclipse on 6-1-2030
The Metonic cycle begins to settle in on the Fall equinox. 3 months after Germany turned on the Soviet Union and invaded them, 3 weeks after 23,000 Hungarian Jews are slaughtered by the Gestapo in Ukraine and 8 days before 30,000 more are killed at Babi Yar near Kiev., a total solar eclipse cuts across the USSR (starting just east of Ukraine) and China, during great battle of Changsha China ( 95% totality), Totality in Wuhan and Taipei---Saros 143, which lost its totality in 1995
Warring nations are linked by a total solar eclipse. Totality in Sapporo Japan and Anchorage Alaska. Path begins in extreme eastern China and USSR. 5 days before Japanese resistance ended at Guadacanal. Saros 120, which returns with the Microsoft/MountSaint Helens USA eclipse in Feb.26, 1979
7-9-1945 was the day the White Sand s Missile Range in New Mexico was established. One week later, on July 16th, the world's first atomic bomb was detonated. The power would be first used on humanity 27 days later in Hiroshima and then in Nagasaki. Again, the incredible Saros 145
Total solar eclipse travels from the USA to USSR. Path of Totality in Idaho and Montana ( Butte), Canada, Greenland, Scandinavia and then bisecting Russia ---98% totality in St. Petersburg and 95 % in Moscow. Path ends at western border of China. 60% coverage at Nuclear test site at White Sands. 70% at Los Alamos Laboratory.
10-1-1940 South America to South Africa
3-27-1941 New Zealand to South America. Totality in Lima
None in 1942
8-1-1943 Annular Indian Ocean
7-20-1944 Ring of Fire --India, over the battlefields of Burma and Southeast Asia. Exactly 19 years before 1963 USA total eclipse
1-14-1945 Ring of Fire Extreme eastern south Africa to Tasmania, stopping in ocean. Metonic scale working towards Martin Luther King birthday
None in 1946
5-20-1947 Total Eclipse--South America to Africa..Totality begins just west of Chile--totality in Santiago and Salvador, Brazil, crosses Atlantic into Slave Coast of Africa and across continent, dividing metropolitan Kampala, Uganda and Nairobi Kenya...stops just after Nairobi
11-12-1947 Ring of Fire Pacific Ocean to South America...ends in Amazon